Title : Dr. Abbas Sadri from Shahid Rajaee University, Iran began his oral presentation
Date inserted : 9/11/2013
News content :
Intellectual Property in Iran: challenges and opportunities (summary)
Abstract: The Islamic Republic of Iran possesses an efficient legal framework for the protection of intellectual property rights such as the literary and artistic property rights system (intellectual -art - audiovisual - technical works such as computer softwares ) and the industrial- commercial property rights system (invention, trademarks, and copyrighted works), but needs to integrate its laws and regulations and synchronize them with the current pace of development at national and global levels based on a conceptual model in order to clarify the stand of intellectual property within its institutional setup. The expansion of the country presence in scientific, technological as well as economic institutions such as WTO would face the country with challenges and opportunities which may involve substantial risks in the absence of suitable legal and strategic infrastructures. The definition of an integrated IP management system to institutionalize the governance process of the intellectual innovation and invention within social values and norms of the society is one of the main strategies required for immunization. In this regard, teaching of the concepts of intellectual property and allocation of particular sections in curricula starting with primary school education levels and teachers' guidebooks would be an important step forward. Yet, registration of pupils’ innovative ideas and inventions by schools at provincial and national levels would be an operational practice to strengthen intellectual property in ethical values as well as professional ethics. Such trainings and practice strengthen individuals’ motivation for observing intellectual property rights and promote their sense of self-judgment and self–belief. One of the strategic policies which need to be tackled is the definition of shared intellectual property rights on joint research projects and their management from primitive ideas to products which can significantly impact the scientific and technological progress and excellence of the country. On the other hand, the definition of shared ownership of projects of cross border and regional nature not only creates new opportunities for scientific and professional entities in particular universities as centers of science and technology generation leading to increased economic efficiency, but also contributes to the development and institutionalization of intellectual property rights. However, the protection of intellectual property rights remains to be the main concern of the international community. Although legal instruments such as the Paris Convention (1883) and the Berne Convention Long ( 1886) and its implementing mechanisms through WIPO and "the International Court of Justice" as well as bilateral and multilateral treaties as the " General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade ( 1947) " and the "WTO (1994 )" have been developed to help resolving disputes at national and international level, the misinterpretation and/ or imperfect application of laws remain as yet to be important challenges to the development of innovation and technology transfer. To the contrary of such punitive approaches based on law enforcement, however, incentive approaches based on moral and cultural elements promise better and more sustainable performance. This paper will review a variety of ideas about intellectual property issues in a holistic approach and outlines a landscape for its development in this country. 
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