IICM Archive >> IICM2011
Oral Presentation Papers
1- Increasing Innovations in the post-Reform Era in India (summary)
Abstract: For securing patents, we need to encourage innovation. It is the responsibility of the government to create a culture of innovation, whether in government owned organization/industry or in the private organization/industry. In the age of globalization, since the initiation of economic reforms in 1991 in India, many organizations /companies entered into competition for the growth of business. For that, both companies and government are after securing patents to innovations. It includes both tangible products and chemical processes. All innovations are not patentable, but all inventions are patentable. What is invention? It means any new and useful art, process, method of manufacture, machine, apparatus or other article; or substance produced by manufacture, and includes any new and useful improvement of any of them. For example, computer is an invention. Let us take a court case for understanding “invention”. The word “invention” is important under the Indian Patent Act. In the case of Novartis, a drug company, sells Glivec for anti-cancer drug in the Indian market, the issue under Indian Patent Act has come up for examination. In 2003, Novartis secured exclusive marketing rights (EMR) for Glivec under the 1994 Trade Related Aspects of IPRs(TRIPS) agreement of the General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT), forcing Indian generic producers like Cipla, Ranbaxy, Natco and Hetero to withdraw their production and sale of generic versions of the drug for the domestic market. Novartis was charging Rs 12 lakh per patient per year, the charges 12 times more than the Indian generic versions. The matter went to the Supreme Court against granting of EMR to Novartis, claiming that it was only a “modification” of an already existing drug. International criteria of patentability are : (a) novelty, (b) utility, and (c) adequate disclosure. Accordingly, the drug did not meet the criteria of inventiveness as laid out in the Indian Patent Act, And, the price non-affordable, violative of the right to life under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. Hence, the Novartis claim of inventiveness has been rejected. The issue of invention/novelty is important because India is a large player in the production of generic medicines in the world over, mostly in 87 developing countries.

Keywords: Innovation, Globalization, Patent, Post-Reform Era

Dr. Samarth Dahiwale
Clarion Park,Pune,India
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Name: Dr. Samarth Dahiwale
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2- Intellectual Property Rights challenges & Entrepreneurship (summary)
Abstract:  There is a very strong and significant relationship between entrepreneurship and Intellectual Property Rights, while IPR protection encourages innovation and IPR is important for development of entrepreneurship, but intellectual property rights challenges is influenced it . In this paper, we investigate the impact of IPR challenges on entrepreneurship ,will discuss what constitutes a challenge ,This article analyzes intellectual property law of Iran and highlight deferent aspects of this challenges and finally suggest .

Keywords: Entrepreneurs ,Entrepreneurship ,Intellectual property, Rights ,Acts .

Dr. Saeed Habiba
University of Tehran
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Name: Dr. Saeed Habiba
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3- A Framework for IC Evaluating in Hi Tech SMEs: An Experience from Iranian Novel Organizations. (summary)
Abstract: : Importance of knowledge and information as a key resource in enterprises and also, as a key competitive advantage, has changed the resource paradigm. In the other side, growth in S&T Parks, businesses, oasis’s, SME’s and their influence and interaction in the term of ‘Intellectual Capital’ across the nations offers a chain of new requirements in stock markets. Among this interaction, new management, measurement, accounting for firms is shown. In this case, the ability of management of intellectual capital in organizations as a fact will show the success of firms. But this importance, in some high technology based medium and small size enterprise became a survival factor. Because their existence carries more amount of value in patent, model, novelty, idea, know how, team ability, etc... In this paper we will discuss about the Hi Tech SMEs, as novel organizations in Iran, and then we will offer a framework for evaluating intellectual capital in a comparative method. The next step is a model for IC management in this type of enterprises.

Keywords: Enterprises, resource, survival, intellectual capital, novelty

Dr. Jalil Khavand Kar
Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)
Brief resume

Mahrokh Bolouri
Zanjan Province State, Zanjan, Iran
Brief resume

Ehsan Khavandkar
Newcastle University, United Kingdom
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Name: Dr. Jalil Khavand Kar
Breif Resume: Dr. Jalil Khavandkar, the Chancellor of Zanjan Science & Technology Park (ZSTP), has a 30ys experience in Iran universities. 1st decade of teaching in University Physics, Electronic, Telecommunication, 2nd in IS` s and telecom-management interdisciplinary fields and 3rd in KM, Entrepreneurship, Ethical alliances are of his scientific story, which had resulted by honor of distinguished researcher of ICT in IRAN 1385 Research and Technology Festival. Publications, Speeches, consulting, jury, and some other science related activities are of his C.V. His "TAK" book series nominated and exhibited as 30 years best product of cultural affair of MSRT. Now he works as adviser and invited professor in Alzahra University.
Name: Mahrokh Bolouri
Breif Resume: Mahrokh Boluri graduated in the field of Social Sciences. She has many published papers and researches in field of women studies. For past 25 years, she has worked in several positions in women related affairs, as a coach of Zanjan province women`s swimming team, to as a governor consultant in women affairs. In past years, she was a first Zanjanian woman which has been elected as divisional governor in this province. After that, she is continuously work as a researcher and consultant of women`s studies in Zanjan providence government. Across to this, she has continued their sport related responsibilities in directing sport complexes and coaching several teams.
Name: Ehsan Khavandkar
Breif Resume: Ehsan Khavandkar is postgraduate student in the field of `International Financial Analysis` at the Business School of Newcastle University, United Kingdom. His past degree was on `Industrial Engineering’ and he graduated from Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST). Throughout these years, He published 7 books in the fields of: Intellectual Capital Management (first Persian book on IC), Entrepreneurship and HSE. Other part of his scientific publications include: 42 published or presented research papers in international and national journals and conferences. 4 of His papers which were presented in conferences, selected as a hot paper. In 2003-04, 2004-05 and 2005-06 academic years, He was elected as a distinguished university student researcher. He obtained the statue of universities honorific student for his achievements in the fields of science & research. He has work experiences in several organizations, like: Iran ministry of road and transportation, iran railways, Iran ministry of science, research and technology, iran khodro company and etc. he has instructed several workshop in some organizations and conferences. In several conferences and festivals` scientific or jury committees, he was elected as a member or head of committees. His last experience in this field was elected head of scientific and juries committee in the scientific and research festivals of Iranian universities students which was held by Iran ministry of science, research and technology.

4- Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Nano-Electronics Sector (summary)
Abstract: Nanotechnology is being heralded as a new technological paradigm that will have a significant impact on all aspects of human life in the coming decades. Nano-electronics industry is a driving force behind significant economic and structural changes in the world markets. The pace of technological change within the sector and its broad impact on most, if not all, other industries make it an extremely rich area to study. This paper will examine how intellectual property rights (IPR) have played a role in the development of the nano-electronics industry as a whole and also how IPR has influenced the activities of nanotechnology firms and has, in many respects, forced them to take a 'core competencies' approach prior to the mainstream popularity of the notion. It is argued that, IPR and patents in particular, have played an increasingly important role in the nano-electronics industry, particularly with regards to their financial impact on firm strategies.

Keywords: IPR, nano-electronics industry, Patents

Mehran University of Engineering and Technology Jamshoro, Sindh Pakistan
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Breif Resume: -

5- Technical Data Package (TDP), a Proven Approach for Both Successful New Product Development (NDP) as Well as Technology Management & Documentation (summary)
Abstract: The task of New Product Development (NPD) as well ad System Acquisition (AQ), is both a very tedious as well as an exciting activity. The tedious side relates to the management of the team and its associated documentation activities. The exciting side depends to successful development and especially the commercialization or mass production of the newly developed product or system. At the very beginning, if a proven approach for development and documentation of information management being chosen, then, the team working and communication as well as sharing of information among the team members would happen which result in a very successful product/system; i.e., the exciting side achieved. In this relation, among different methodologies, the Technical Data Package (TDP) is stipulated and nominated as a proven approach for both successful New Product Development (NDP) as well as Technology Management & Documentation. In this paper the author intends to introduce this approach.

Keywords: NPD, AQ, Management , Information Management

Dr. Hossein Hosseinzadeh
The Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST)
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Name: Dr. Hossein Hosseinzadeh
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6- Learning that Could be Revitalized Through Recognizing Students' Capital Intelligence (summary)
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to introduce a new prospective focusing on students' capital intelligence on learning rather than the old traditional and even recent international trend governing learning management in education. In the legacy of traditional learning pernialism has developed into existentialism, behaviorism into constructivism, and management style into democracy but all of them need to be integrated through the new model for the plus learning. In recent education, Taxonomy of learning has been the critical issue but learning focusing on individual capital intelligence is a plus and a new prospective to revitalize learning. In this respect, learning would be identified through critical features such as using the individual innate capitals, creativity, innovation, inductive thinking, and curiosity, for the improving nurturing and instructing effects of education for well- developed individuals. Methodology of this research follows the steps of discovering the main items for open-ended researcher-made written interviews through which survey the needs to change traditional and recent learning. Critical items discovered through the first part of research were items that were classifying for rationalizing the use of capital intelligence in learning. The teaching scenario in which the model was embedded for teaching "the world art history" in Tehrans' vocational school districts were introduced and the views of teachers were investigated through a 57 items valid and reliable researcher-made five scale Likert questionnaire. In this semi-experimental research with control groups, and pre-post test the gap between theory and practice in existing and desired capital intelligence model on student' academic achievements, nurturing and instructional effects were measured. The findings indicate the model is desirable, applicable and effective in increasing academic achievement, nurturing and instructing skills. These findings are spring boards for the use of the model for the other districts in Tehran city and the other teaching subjects in all the different levels of education.

Keywords: Learning as a capital intelligence, revitalization of learning, nurturing effects, instructional effects

Dr. Mohammadreza Behrangi
Tarbiat Moallem University
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Name: Dr. Mohammadreza Behrangi
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7- New Approaches in knowledge Management (summary)
Abstract: In the recent years much atentiois paid to importance of knowledge management. Students and researchers from all walks like: Sociology, Economy and wisdom managerial believe that communication and data are indeed in the center of attention as know-How management and for managerial technics. In fact such science administration strategy concept is in close contact with exigent subject importantly for sustaining organization projected in the global compention that is why vigilance regading this precedes is advocated to directors and head masters of stablishments. More even than that directing knowledge sponsors revenue operation and leniency individually or at institutions. Much succeeding offices relates not to their evident assets and natural resources only but for the sake of their science managerial impact. Therefore, investing in know-how directorship is increasing annually. According to A.M.R report American ventures have investes 37000000 dallers on soft wares in the years 2007 for science administration that kepy rising until sept.16.2008.plus researches conducted by forster in the years 2008 reveals 20% small –medium business in north United States and Europe planning CRM or data and managerial tools for knowledge leadership to be stationed and set up in the years 2010 and post that years that manifests dissemination of science management amongst these enterrises. Another main reason of the entities capital investment in know-how management is that it raises capacity of the entrepreneurs in the run up of ongoing influence of data and science in facilitating knowledge management in these companies influentially. Knowledge and mental capital of the organizations are known to be the major premiums of competition hence, we can claim that knowledge is the heart of universal economy of course most of corporations are oriented with knowledge administration but few are really familiar with capability of science leadership efficiency to be controlled and monitored in the run off creating values. Hencei taking in to consideration this important point we have processed is article regarding direct of knowledge and its importance in institutions. Let us hope for its efficacy witnessing progress of new science and technology in the arenas of our grand endeared country of Iran.

Keywords: Knowledge- Management- Knowledge Management- Learning- Organizational Learning

Dr. Abdulmohammad Mahdavi
Alzahra University, Faculty of social sciences & Economy
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Mahta Joodzadeh
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
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Name: Dr. Abdulmohammad Mahdavi
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Name: Mahta Joodzadeh
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8- Design of Entrepreneurial Pattern with Consideration of Intellectual Capital (summary)
Abstract: This paper aims to present the survey and design of Entrepreneurial pattern and how intellectual capital intervenes on entrepreneurship. First part of this paper represents the conception of entrepreneurship in modern economy and explains definitions of entrepreneurship and entrepreneur. After that this paper tries to introduce the conceptual framework of intellectual capital and its impact on entrepreneurship. Third part of essay presents the estimation lectures of intellectual capital and its components (human, structural and relational capitals) influence on entrepreneurship formation. Entrepreneurship is so of three components (Individual characteristics, Internal business Environment and External business environment).

Keywords: entrepreneurship, intellectual capital, human capital, structural capital, relational capital

Dr. Habib Ebrahimpour
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
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Hassan Khalili
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
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Name: Dr. Habib Ebrahimpour
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Name: Hassan Khalili
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9- From Physical Capital to intellectual Capital An Investigation of relationship Between Modified Human Development and Economic Growth A Comparision of Developed and Developing Countries (summary)
Abstract: The central position of human being in the production function and in the process of economic growth and economic developent has been acknowledged and taken into account by many social scientists and economists. From Adam Smith’s keen attention to labour force and its function the production and growth of wealth of nations in 18th century to Amartya Sen’s emphasis on capabilities and entitlements or in short on ‘human development’ that then ended in formation, conception and preparation of Human Development Index (HDI) by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), all confirm the significance of the subject. Although in the last two hundred years, neo-classical economics has considered only ‘labour, and physical capital’ as factors of production and regarded knowledge, productivity, education, and intellectual capital as exogenous factors but New Growth Theory based on work of Paul Romer and others who have attempted to deal with the causes of long-term growth, something that traditional economic models have had difficulty with. Following from the work of economists such as Joseph Schumpeter, Robert Solow and others, Romer has proposed a change to the neo-classical model by seeing technology (and the knowledge on which it is based) as an intrinsic part of the economic system. Knowledge has become the third factor of production in leading economies (Romer, 1986; 1990). A ‘knowledge economy’ or ‘knowledge-based economy’ is one in which knowledge is the key resource. One in which the generation and the exploitation of knowledge has come to play the predominant part in the creation of wealth. It is not simply about pushing back the frontiers of knowledge; it is also about the more effective use and exploitation of all types of knowledge in all manner of economic activity. The value of an enterprise is made of physical assets, various financial assets and, finally, intangible assets, i.e., intellectual capital (IC).The term intellectual capital conventionally refers to the difference in value between tangible assets (physical and financial) and market value. Measuring the real value and the total performance of intellectual capital`s components is essential for any economic system in the knowledge and information age. This aricle reviews briefly the evolution of the concept of capital from physical capital to itellectual capital. Then, it concentrate on the Modified Human Development(MHD), a specific evolution of Human Capital ( one of the components of Intellectual Capital(IC)) and its relationship with economic growth. The article ends with a statisical comparision of low income, medium income and high income developed and developing countries outcoming from an OLS estimation of data from1980 to 2008 of selected countries.

Keywords: IC, MHD, intangible assets, Human Capital

Dr. Mohammad Hasan Fotros
Bu-Ali Sina University
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Name: Dr. Mohammad Hasan Fotros
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10- The Role of Job Counseling in Entrepreneurship and Job Creation in Tehran University Graduates with the Approach of Intellectual Capitals Upbringing (summary)
Abstract: At the present research the role of job counseling in upbringing intellectual capitals, entrepreneurship and job creation (in Tehran University graduates) is studied. Job conformity is accomplished through factors like characters, cognitive capabilities and individual capacities from one side and by job specification from another side and their interaction with each other can play a significant role in upbringing intellectual capitals, selecting proper job, entrepreneurship and job creation. This is a descriptive project and survey study. The statistical population of the research is including all graduates of management, economics, psychology, education sciences and library science of Tehran University during 2005-2009. The sampling group is 200 people who were selected from statistical population using regular stage random sampling. Research tools are six questionnaires entitled: 1) Personality characteristics questionnaire "NEO five factors", 2) Intelligence scale "Tehran-Stanford-Binet", 2) Job creativity questionnaire, 4) Researcher made questionnaire of "individual capacities", 5) Researcher made questionnaire of "job creation", 6) Entrepreneurship questionnaire. Statistical methods used are: single-variable and multi-variable regression using simultaneous entrance method. The findings show that there is significant positive relationship) α=0/01) between flexibility, active memory, creativity and individual capacities with entrepreneurship tendency. Also, there is significant positive relationship) α=0/01) between fluid rational and knowledge with job creation. Moreover, there is significant and positive relationship between job conformity and entrepreneurship tendency )α=0/01), while no significant relationship between job conformity and job creation is observed. So, more studies which survey the effects of job conformity on entrepreneurship tendency of the graduates of other groups are recommended.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Intellectual Capitals, Tehran University

Dr. Simin Hosseinian
Al Zahra University
Brief resume

Dr. Shahnaz Tabatabaei
Health, Safety and Environment Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
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Name: Dr. Simin Hosseinian
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Name: Dr. Shahnaz Tabatabaei
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11- Knowledge Generation Capacity of OIC Countries (summary)
Abstract: The present state of nations is the result of the accumulation of all discoveries, inventions, improvements, perfection and exertions of all generations which have lived before us: they form the intellectual capital of present human race, and every separate nation is productive only in the proportion in which it has known how to appropriate those attainments of former generations and to increase them by its own acquirements. (Friedrick List, 1841).
Knowledge and innovation are increasingly recognized as critical for social and economic development. The linear model of knowledge flows from university laboratories to the production sector has been discarded in favour of innovation system which is based on networks and linkages between the productive sectors,their suppliers and buyers and institutions of higher learning and research. External to these are other important factors such as macroeconomic and political stability and continuity of development policies. The nation’s differencein development is due to the difference in their technology capabilities (Abramovitz, 1989). Economic studies estimate that half of the economic growth in the developed countries isdue to technical change (Bell and Pavit, 1992) Christopher Freeman in his study of Japan has discussed the strong linkages and networks between institutions responsible for import, adaptation, modification and diffusion of new technologies. He promoted the concept of national innovation system (NSI).The NSI perspective refers to a new understanding of innovation as an interactive process in which enterprises alone or in interaction with each other play a key role in bringing new products, new processes and new forms of organization into economic use…In the present era of internationalization, the critical issue becomes of how to integrate NSIs into international division of labour. This may be done through exploring how well each NSIis capable of drawing on a rapidly growing generic knowledge,which is not necessarily produced in the country itself (Holbrook,CPROST Report,97-06).

Keywords: Knowledge , Innovation, Economic

Dr. Tanveer Koasar Naeim
COMSTECH, Pakistan
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Name: Dr. Tanveer Koasar Naeim
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12- IP and patent process in khorasan S&T Park (summary)
Abstract: Patents are considered as valuable resources of technical, trade, economic and legal information. Today a considerable proportion of revenues are achieved from selling and transferring technical knowledge and scientific information presenting in patents. Access to knowledge presented in patents seems necessary and of great concern since inventions are considered as strategic requirements for businesses profits. This importance can be noticed in the economy of countries those release the patents, in a way that patents are expected to lay in exporting basket of developed countries as valuable commodities in coming years. In this workshop various search methods of valuable free and in-charged databases will be studied, their capabilities will be evaluated and their skills and experiences will be illustrated using practical prototypes and examples.

Keywords: Intellectual Property, Patent, Economic

Ms./Mrs. Nika khajepour
khorasan S&T Park
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Name: Ms./Mrs. Nika khajepour
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13- Training Integration of Convergent and Divergent Thinking: A Way for the Development of Intellectual Capital in Organizations (summary)
Abstract: Human resources are the main wealth of any organization. Today, what distinguishes human resources is the type and shape of their thinking. Meanwhile, one of the major challenges of human resources in any organization is the ability of creative problem solving. Creative problem solving consists of successive steps of the Divergence thinking to the convergent thinking that periodically appear.
One of the important tools for developing creative skills in problem solving is divergent thinking, which involves a variety of possible solutions to bring new ones. In this stage the thoughts goes for numerous and diverse ways. It means that the more flexible, more authentic and more fluid is greater divergence and thus it is this kind of more creative thinking.
In the past, divergent thinking was the same as creative thinking, but today is believed that creative thinking is the cooperation and integration of convergent and divergent thinking. Through training the integration of convergent and divergent thinking, people are taught, exposing any problem, examining possible solutions and then choose the best solution. In other words, both divergent thinking and convergent thinking are used. So we can say that creativity involves both types of thinking, however, is more correlated with divergent thinking.
The purpose of this article is to pay attention to the importance of training this skill in the development and management of intellectual capital in organizations.

Keywords: Divergence thinking, convergent thinking, creativity, problem solving, intellectual capital

Dr. Simin Hosseinian
Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Brief resume

Sogand Ghasemzadeh
Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Brief resume

Fariba Ravaee
Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
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Name: Dr. Simin Hosseinian
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Name: Sogand Ghasemzadeh
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Name: Fariba Ravaee
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14- Identify Intellectual Capital Measuring Indexes for University to Use of Delphe Method (summary)
Abstract: Purpose of this study is identify , intellectual capital measuring indexes for university by use of Delphe method. In this research after litreture review, dimension ,component, intellectual capital indexes were identify.so,first inventory of studying litreture has been completed or remedy; after exploratory interview with12 professional , in order to finalizing inventory of intellectual capital index, Delphe method has been used three step in each step 20 experts from intellectual capital field have participated ,for measureing agreement rate among members in each step,agreement coefficient Kendall's W and descriptive statistic indexes have been used. Final of third step, agreement among member be resulted and intellectual capital measuring indexes for university were identified

Keywords:  Intellectual capital, Delphe Method, University

Dr. Seyed Ali Akbar Afjahi
Department of Public Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Brief resume

Dr. Mahdi Iran Nejad Parizi
Department of Public Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
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Dr. Habiballah Javanmard
Department of Public Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
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Amin Rahimikia
Department of Public Administration, Ph.D Student in Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Brief resume
Name: Dr. Seyed Ali Akbar Afjahi
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Name: Dr. Mahdi Iran Nejad Parizi
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Name: Dr. Habiballah Javanmard
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Name: Amin Rahimikia
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15- Barriers to Knowledge Commercialization in Universities and academic entrepreneurship (The Case of University of Tehran) (summary)
Abstract: Regarding the importance of knowledge as the main competitive advantage in the world economy, it seems necessary for the universities, as the main institution of knowledge generation, to participate in national and regional economic development. This becomes more evident if the need for income earning and knowledge commercialization for survival of the universities and existence of barriers to integral exploitation of universities' intellectual properties, are considered. In this study, is tried to identify the main barriers of this process in university of Tehran. The results of this study show that “incentivizing of income sharing” is the most important factor in promotion of knowledge commercialization and academic entrepreneurship. On the other hand, according to the results of this survey, “Bureaucracy and inflexibility of university’s management system”, “lack of networks and communications among academians, industrialists and investors”, were identified as the most important barriers to knowledge commercialization in this university.

Keywords: barriers to knowledge commercialization, academic entrepreneurship, communication networks, University of Tehran

Samira Nadirkhanlou
University of Tehran
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Dr. Ali Asghar Pourezzat
University of Tehran
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Dr. Arian Gholipour
University of Tehran
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Name: Samira Nadirkhanlou
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Name: Dr. Ali Asghar Pourezzat
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Name: Dr. Arian Gholipour
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16- Empirical Investigation of the Relationship between IC and WACC in TSE (summary)
Abstract: Today, organizations should identify measure and manage their intangible assets if they tend to maximize their goal achievements. Intellectual Capital (IC) regards as one of the most important components of intangible assets. Since the capital cost is the basic factor in capital budgeting, financing and performance evaluation decisions, this paper is to investigate empirically the relationship between IC and Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) in Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) over years 1384 -1388. In this research, we expected to find a significant negative relationship between IC and WACC. We test the research hypothesis using Excel and SPSS software. The results of Pearson correlation and regression analysis confirm existence of a significant negative relation between IC and WACC in TSE. In other words, we can expect lower levels of WACC in firms with higher levels of IC. This result provides a valuable and clear evidence for the significant influence of IC on firms’ performance improvement through decreasing firms’ WACC.

Keywords: Knowledge management, intellectual capital, weighted average cost of capital, Tobin’s Q

Dr. Ali Asghar Anvary Rostamy
Tarbiat Modares University (TMU)
Brief resume

Ramin Zamani Amoughin
Tarbiat Modares University (TMU)
Brief resume

Mostafa Deljou
Tarbiat Modares University (TMU)
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Name: Dr. Ali Asghar Anvary Rostamy
Breif Resume: Dr Ali Asghar Anvary Rostamy was born in 1966. He is BA and MBA from the University of Tehran. He worked 2 years as research student at Hokkaido University of Japan. He is PhD in Operations Research in Multiple Criteria Financial and Investment Decisions field. He worked as Assistant Professor from 1999, and as Associate Professor from 2004 at Tarbiat Modares University (TMU). In 2008, he went to MCMaster University of Canada as sabbatical visiting professor. In this year, he studied on IT and organizational and national performance. His research interest is on Financial and Investment Decision Making, Organizational Performance Evaluation and Management, Organizational Systems Design and Optimization, and Process Management System. Now, Dr Anvary Rostamy has extensively published several papers at national and international high ranked refereed journals. Some of International refereed Journals are as follows:
1. Expert Systems with Applications (ISI &JCR)
2. Journal of Business Economics and Management (ISI and JCR)
3. Management Decision (ISI)
4. Journal of Operations Research Society of Japan (ISI and JCR)
5. Public Organization Review: A Global Journal (SCOPUS)
6. Asian Pacific Financial Markets (SCOPUS)
7. Singapore Management Review (SCOPUS)\
8. Journal of Finance India (ECONLIT)
9. Journal of Academy of Business and Economics (SCOPUS)
10. International Journal of Humanities (ISC)
Name: Ramin Zamani Amoughin
Breif Resume:
Name: Mostafa Deljou
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17- Assessing and supporting human capital for evidence-informed policy making: Reflections from experiences in Africa (summary)
Abstract: There is growing interest in evidence-informed policy making throughout the world. In order to make use of evidence in the policy making process, it is vital that policy making institutions have adequate human capital. In particular, they need to have staff that have the capabilities to access, evaluate and use research information. Here we discuss what elements of human capital are necessary for evidence-informed policy making. We also discuss how such human capital can be evaluated and supported.

Keywords: Human capital ,Evidence-informed policy making , Government ,Parliament ,Public sector

Dr. Kirsty Newman
International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)
Brief resume

Martin Belcher
International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)
Brief resume

Sara Gwynn
International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)
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Name: Dr. Kirsty Newman
Breif Resume: Kirsty heads INASP's Evidence-Informed Policy Making programme. The programme aims to build the demand for research from policy makers and to support researchers to effectively supply policy relevant research information. After carrying out a PhD in HIV research at Edinburgh University, Kirsty worked for three and a half years as a malaria immunology researcher at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Prior to joining INASP in 2009, she worked for a major UK science funder focusing on capacity building activities for research in Africa.
Name: Martin Belcher
Breif Resume: Martin is the Director of Programmes at INASP (a shared post with Sara Gwynn). He is responsible for programmes direction with a particular focus on the monitoring and evaluation and impact assessment of all programme areas. This includes research design, data collection and analysis and reporting across all programme areas in this field. In addition he has line management responsibility for the areas of ICT training, libraries development and evidence informed policy making. Prior to his current role, Martin was head of programme for INASP's ICT training and bandwidth management and optimisation. He joined INASP in 2001, with a background in research and development at the University of Bristol in Web based systems development, geographical information systems and archaeological research. Martin is a remote member of INASP staff and is based in Sweden.
Name: Sara Gwynn
Breif Resume: Sara worked at the Institute of Physics Publishing during the transition from paper to electronic journals. This triggered an interest which led to research in universities in the UK, Australia and South Africa on the impact of e-resources on the research process and roles of researchers and librarians. During this time she also lectured in Information Systems and managed the production and launch of several journals. Sara joined INASP in 2002 on the ICT training component of PERI and is now coordinating INASP’s programme work in her role as Director of Programmes (shared with Martin Belcher).

18- Parallel Import and Intellectual Property law (summary)
Abstract: Parallel import is used to restrict intellectual property owner‘s power. Developing countries have a greater interest in the parallel import as they benefit from the export of the goods made from the intellectual property rights and exported to other countries
ownership of an intellectual property rights comprising intellectual right gives the owner a right of control of supply, export and import but this right will be exhausted if it is brought to a market with his consent Buyers take permission for exporting to another country and competing legally without consent of intellectual property owner. This is parallel import.
The using of parallel import should be reasonable and justifiable so that it could lead to the welfare of consumer and respect the intellectual property owner’s right

Keywords: Exhaustion, grey markets, competition, Parallel imports, intellectual property

Simin Abbasi
Tehran University
Brief resume

Dr. Mahmood Bagheri
Tehran University
Brief resume
Name: Simin Abbasi
Breif Resume: B.A ,law, from SHahid Beheshti university, A, Intellectual Property Law, graduate from Tehran university .
, intellectual property consultant in Institute Pasteur of Iran for three years.
Paper of compulsory license is accepted by shahre danesh institute, and translation of intellectual property management, it has not published yet. Competition law policy and intellectual property law article is accepted in IIcm2010
Name: Dr. Mahmood Bagheri
Breif Resume: Educational Background & Qualification

1993- 1998 ph.D. University of London
1989- 1991 LL.M. University of Tehran
1985- 1988 LL.B. University of Tehran

Professional Appointments
1988-1990 Legal Adviser (full-time), Iran Roads Development Organisation
(IRDO), No. 1/291 Motahari Avenue, Tehran, Iran
1989-1990 Legal Adviser, (part time) Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines.
Department of Claims and Insurance, Vlai Aser Square, Tehran, Iran
1991-1993 Legal Adviser (part time), Elam Cement Company, Tehran, Iran. 27
Maryam Street, Elahiae, Tehran, Iran
1991-1993 Legal Adviser, Royal Electric Company, Level 8, Kaveh Building,
Sepahbod Ghari Street, Tehran, Iran
Academic Appointments : Research and Teaching
2006- Present Assistant Professor of Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science,
.Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2003- 2008 Lecturer in Law, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex (West
London) UB8 3PH, UK
1999-2003 Research Fellow, Centre for Financial Regulation, Cass Business
School, City University, 106 Bunhill Row, London, EC1Y 8TZ.

1991-1993 Lecturer in Law, Faculty of Laws, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
Visiting Academic Appointments
2008-2008 Visiting Professor, National University of Malaysia, Malaysia
2006-2009 Visiting Professor, University of Sunderland, UK
2006-2006 Visiting Professor, Department of Law, Doshisha University,
Kyoto, Japan
2005-2005 Visiting Scholar, Max Planck Institute for Private International
Law, Hamburg, Germany
2003- 2007 Associate Research Fellow, School of Advanced Studies, University
of London, 17 Russell Square, London WC1B 5DR
2002- 2003 Lecturer in Law, Contract and Tort Law, Open University, The
Michael Young Program, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
2001- 2002 Visiting Professor in International Business Law, European School
of Economics, London, 8/9 Grosvenor Place, London, SW1X 7SH
1990-1992 Visiting lecturer in Commercial Law, College of Judicial and
Administrative Science, Khark Street, Enghelab Avenue, Tehran, Iran
• International Contracts and National Economic Regulation, Kluwer Academic Publisher, London, December 2000. (ISBN 9 789041 198105).
Articles and Chapters in Books
• Conflict of Laws, Economic Regulations and Corrective/Distributive Justice, Volume 28(1) University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 113-151 (2007)
• The Ketan Parekh Fraud and Supervisory Lapses of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI): A Case Study, Vol. 13 (1) Journal of Financial Crime, 107-125 (2006) (With Saptarshi Ghosh)
• Competition and Integration among Stock Exchanges: The Dilemma of Conflicting Regulatory Objectives and Strategies, 24(1) Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Oxford University Press 69-97 (2004).
• Informational Intermediaries and the Emergence of the New Financial Regulation Paradigm, 24(11) the Company Lawyer 344-45 (2003).
• The Private International Law of Securities Transactions: A Socio-economic Analysis, 23 The Company Lawyer 14-19 (2002).
• Ex Ante and Ex Post Allocation of Risk of Illegality: Regulatory Sources of Contractual Failure and Issues of Corrective and Distributive Justice, 13 European Journal of Law and Economics 5-26 (2002). (See the website of Kluwer Academic Publisher).
• Optimal Level of Financial Regulation under the GATS: A regulatory competition and co-operation framework for capital adequacy and disclose of information, 5(2), Journal of International Economic Law, Oxford University Press, 507-530 (2002).
• International Securities Markets, Diversity of National Regulations and the Relevance of the Public/Private Law Dichotomy, 3(1) International and Comparative Corporate Law Journal, 49-75 (2001). (See the web site of Kluwer Academic Publisher).
• A Literature Review on Integration of Financial Markets in Europe, Commissioned by HM Treasury (UK Finance Ministry) May 2002.
Persian translation of Schmitthoff's Export Trade: The Law and Practice of International Trade, Tehran, 1993 (with Dr B Akhlaghi and others

19- The role of Pharmaceutical patents in drug economy and their examination criteria (summary)
Abstract: Since investment in the pharmaceutical industry considerably deals with laboratory and drug research, and on the other hand, products manufactured by pharmaceutical companies can easily and very cheaply be replaced by copiers, patent exclusivity is only effective way to protect and return Investments. Hence The pharmaceutical industry is a major user of the patent system. In other words, the patent is equal to product Virtually in medicine industry.
Given the substantial effects that patents can have on competition and, hence, prices of medicines, the criteria that are applied to examine and grant pharmaceutical patents are extremely relevant for public health policies, and not only a matter of concern for patent and industrial policy. Because it can directly affect the health and lives of the people of the country where the patent is granted and enforced.
In this article the general essential conditions for a patentable invention is discussed briefly. The various types of pharmaceutical inventions, which will face some challenges to be patented, are introduced. Finally it is discussed that how the patent offices deals with these inventions.

Keywords: Pharmaceutical inventions, patentability, examination criteria

Hamed Bahrami
Isfahan Science & Technology town
Brief resume

Payan Amini
Isfahan Science & Technologay town
Brief resume

Dr. Kyvan Asghari
Isfahan Science & Technology town
Brief resume
Name: Hamed Bahrami
Breif Resume: Education: M.S., physical chemistry, Isfahan University of technology, Isfahan, IRAN, 2008. B.S., Chemistry, Shahrood University of technology, Shahrood, IRAN. 2004. Publications: 1 USpatent , 2 Iranian patent , 1 published paper in journals & 4 published papers in conferences. Work experiences: Patent Specialist (Chemistry & pharmacy) in Isfahan science & technology town.
Name: Payan Amini
Breif Resume: B.s.in applied mathematics, patent specialist in technology transfer office of istt since 2004, one published paper in The second national conference on venture capital, twice honored in National Sheikh Bahai Technopreneurship Festival.
Name: Dr. Kyvan Asghari
Breif Resume: Education: Ph.D., Civil Engineering, Missouri University of Science & Technology-Rolla, MO, U.S., 1992. M.S., Agricultural and Water Resources Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, U.S., 1986. B.S., Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, U.S., 1982. academic experiences :1995 to present, teaching in civil engineering department, IUT, 1996 to present, advisor/co-advisor to more than 25 MSc Students, 1996 to present, coordinator of seven research projects, 1989-2002, research assistant, University of Missouri-Rolla, MO, 1986-1988, research assistant, Water Resources Modeling Center, University of Arkansas. 12 published papers in journals & 18 published papers in conferences & 4 published paper on science parks and technology incubators.

20- The investigation of social capital status in Azarbayejan Shargi province and the determinants of its improvement (Delphi approach) (summary)
Abstract: Following a series of studies on social science, the social capital has different scale and dimension. Since, the social capital is qualified and expanded concept, we try to study social capital status in Azarbayejan Shargi province by Delphi approach. To do it, the social capital indicators are extracted by Delphi method and then analyzed them.
Findings show the social capital statues aren’t good in Azarbayejan Shargi province and policymakers must thought for its improvement. In this study, we used view of experts and provided the methods of improvement social capital.

Keywords: social capital, Delphi approach, Azarbayjan Shargi

Dr. Davod Behbudi
Brief resume

Dr. Siab Mamipour
Brief resume

Esmail Barghi golezani
Brief resume
Name: Dr. Davod Behbudi
Breif Resume:
Name: Dr. Siab Mamipour
Breif Resume:
Name: Esmail Barghi golezani
Breif Resume:

21- Analysis & Ranking Corporate Social Responsibility, tool in measurement intellectual capital (summary)
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to recognize and prioritize the dimensions and criteria of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) from the viewpoint of top managers of credit financial institutes. The statistical population of the present study includes managers of the central branches of Iranian targeted credit banks. After interviewing a number of bankers and experts in the field of corporate social responsibility, a questionnaire was prepared and distributed among nine managers of the two targeted financial institutes. The purpose was to be informed of their direct opinions and answers to the possible questions, as well as their justifications on the priority of dimensions and criteria being investigated. The hierarchical analytical approach of the data has been carried out using Super Decision software. The findings show that leadership (vision) has occupied the first place (0.31) and Marketplace weighs only (0.193), occupying the bottom position. Also, Workplace (0.143), accountability, (0.197), and Community relations (0.155) have taken second, third, and forth positions respectively.

Keywords: csr,intellectual capital

Dr. Mehdy Kazemi
universty sistan and baluchestan
Brief resume

sadaf Estanesti
university of sistan and baluchestan
Brief resume
Name: Dr. Mehdy Kazemi
Breif Resume:
Name: sadaf Estanesti
Breif Resume:

22- Studying the role of relational capital on Iran’s carpet industry compatibility: a brand approach (summary)
Abstract: Iran’s hand-made carpet industry is one of the most powerful industries which has had an export descending rate in recent years and it has been one the most important economists’ problems. Some problems such as lack of suitable marketing plans and researches, being unfamiliar with new techniques like e-commerce and internet marketing, lead to descend in the table of top exporters all over the world.
In the current research, we are trying to survey the influence of relational capital on carpet industry compatibility. After using Kolmogrov-Smirinov test, the research hypotheses were proved by Pearson correlation test.
Finally by applying fuzzy topsis technique, the relational capital indices were categorized that Brand popularity, sale units for customers and market share were chosen as the top sub-criterias which means the managers should emphasis on Iranian carpets maintenance, beautiness and quality.

Keywords: Intellectual capital, Relational capital, Carpet industry, Compatibility, Brand

Dr. Hassan Mehrmanesh
Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch
Brief resume

Nima Saeedi
Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch
Brief resume

leila Saeedi
Islamic Azad University, Sience And Research Branch
Brief resume

Mahmood Hassanpour Pazvari
Islamic Azad university, central Tehran branch
Brief resume
Name: Dr. Hassan Mehrmanesh
Breif Resume: BA, MA & Ph.D at industrial management
Having 5 articles at Iranian and foreign journals and conferences and 4 published books
Central Tehran university, professor of management faculty
Name: Nima Saeedi
Breif Resume: BA at industrial engineering and MA at industrial management
Having a publishing book and more than 30 articles at national and international journals and conferences
1. the top student among all 2007 entrance students in central Tehran university
2. member of young club researchers
3. member of Iran expert society
4. the top researcher at central Tehran university (2009)
Name: leila Saeedi
Breif Resume: published papers in journals, number of published papers in conferences, top awards):
Ph.D student at public management at Azad university, science and research branch
Having 3 articles at different journals and conferences and
More than 5 years experience in teaching at different universities
Name: Mahmood Hassanpour Pazvari
Breif Resume: BA at applied mathematics and MA at industrial management
Having a publishing book and more than 20 articles at several journals and conferences
1. member of young researchers club
2. member of Iran expert society
4. the top researcher at faculty of management, central Tehran branch (2009)

23- Test of The Human Capital Indexes Growth in Islamic Azad University (summary)
Abstract: The Purpose of this study to measuring growth trend Human Capital Indexes in Islamic Azad University of Aliabad Katoul From 1383 to 1387 . In this study has been Used of Skandya`s Model. After determination of abnormal data by Liliforce and Kolmogorov smirnov test and by using the mean weight and Friedman Rank test , Hypothesis of this Study was test.
The result of this study showed that the average growth rate of human capital in the Islamic Azad University of Aliabad Katoul during 5 year period of 1383 – 1387 wasn't the same and growth rate was positive.

Keywords: Higher Education Institution ,Islamic Azad University , Intellectual Capital , Human Capital , Growth Rate of Human Capital .

Dr. Ebrahim Abbasi
Alzahra University
Brief resume

Javad Ghelichli
Social Sequrity Organization
Brief resume
Name: Dr. Ebrahim Abbasi
Breif Resume: PHD in management (Financial Accounting)
5 book published
25 published papers in journals
10 papers published in conferences.
Name: Javad Ghelichli
Breif Resume: Master of license, employee
4 Published papers in conferences.

24- The Role of Intellectual Capital and Social Capital in SMEs Performance (summary)
Abstract: Due to the significant role of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in economic and social improvement of a country, further the shortage of a fairly extensive model which holds required factors for estimating their intellectual capital in order to be successful in their performance in competitive markets, this paper aims to assess the main challenges in evaluating Intellectual and social capital of a firm as a resource for their business performance in the competitive era. These results have been gathered via an structured interviews with a sample of 12 experts and managers of SMEs which are main players in Information and Communication Industry (ICT) in Iran and data analysis carried out with a sample of 27 valid questionnaires which gathered as a pre test for a research.

Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Social Capital, Business Performance, Sustainable Competitive Advantage, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).

Eng. Elham Foroughifar
New Technologies Research Center
Brief resume

Dr. Hojat Hajihoseini
New Technologies Research Center
Brief resume
Name: Eng. Elham Foroughifar
Breif Resume: Elham Foroughifar is a PHD student at Alameh Tabataiee University in Management of Technology since 2006. She has a MS. degree in Industrial Management and has worked in this field as a system analyzer, director of budget and planning in these years. She has 2 published papers, 4 conferances papers and more than 12 working paper and reports.
Name: Dr. Hojat Hajihoseini
Breif Resume: Dr. Hojat Allah Hajihoseini is a head master of New Technologies Research Center at Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST) since 2003. He has a PHD degree in management of Technology from Bradford University. He has near 40 papers in different journals and conferences and has been an executive manager of more than 10 research reports in IROST. He is a active member of different Scientific and technological committees and journals, offers many professional courses in Iranian universities and share his experiences in scientific and practical workshops in these years.

25- Role of Social Capital in Sustainable Development (summary)
Abstract: Social capital is a new concept in economic and social surveys of modern societies. Social capital included all of the sources of families relationships and also social organizations and influences on cognitive or social growth of population. This approach to economic development projects in many subjects, indicating the importance and effect of social structures and relationships between people (social capital) on all aspects of development. This paper introduces the concepts and issues of social capital and its role in sustainable development and its applications. Conclusion and suggestions also show that existence of social capital between organizations and in organizations can has an effective performance in economic, social and cultural development.

Keywords: Social Capital, Development, Relationships, Mutual Trust

Dr. Saeed Saeeda
Yazd University
Brief resume

Rasoul Khanalizade
Yazd Jahad ACECR University
Brief resume

Babak Dehmoobed
Yazd Jahad ACECR University
Brief resume
Name: Dr. Saeed Saeeda
Breif Resume: Associate Professor of Yazd University.
Name: Rasoul Khanalizade
Breif Resume: B.A. in Accounting, University of Imam Khomeini (Qazvin-Iran 2002), M.A. in Allameh Tabatabaey University (Tehran-Iran 2007), Laleh Petrochemical Co. management accounting Supervisor and teaching as accounting and management faculty member in the higher education Institution of yazd jahad daneshgahey from 2007 up to now.
Name: Babak Dehmoobed
Breif Resume: B.A. and M.A in industrial management field from yazd university and elited as yazd first researcher at 2010

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